By Marian Klamer
Teiwa is a non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language spoken at the island of Pantar, in jap Indonesia, positioned simply north of Timor island. It has approx. 4,000 audio system and is extremely endangered. whereas the non-Austronesian languages of the Alor-Pantar archipelago are sincerely regarding one another, as indicated through the various obvious cognates and the very comparable pronominal paradigms chanced on around the staff, their genetic courting to different Papuan languages continues to be debatable. situated a few 1,000 km from their putative Papuan acquaintances at the New Guinea mainland, the Alor-Pantar languages are the main far-off westerly Papuan outliers. A grammar of Teiwa provides a grammatical description of 1 of those 'outlier' languages.
The ebook is based as a reference grammar: after a basic advent at the language, it audio system and the linguistic scenario on Alor and Pantar, the grammar builds up from an outline of the language's phonology and be aware periods to its higher grammatical ingredients and their mutual kinfolk: nominal words, serial verb structures, clauses, clause combos, and knowledge constitution. whereas many Papuan languages are morphologically advanced, Teiwa is sort of analytic: it has just one paradigm of item marking prefixes, and one verbal suffix marking realis prestige. different typologically attention-grabbing beneficial properties of the language contain: (i) the presence of uvular fricatives and forestalls, that is odd for languages of jap Indonesia; (ii) the absence of trivalent verbs: transitive verbs pick out a unmarried (animate or inanimate) item, whereas the extra player is expressed with a separate predicate; and (iii) the absence of morpho-syntactically encoded embedded clauses. A grammar of Teiwa relies on fundamental box info, amassed through the writer in 2003-2007. a variety of glossed and translated Teiwa texts of assorted genres and be aware lists (Teiwa-English / English-Teiwa) are included.
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